To develop a site-specific nitrogen reduction rate that the grower can implement on their blocks that are irrigated with underground water high in nitrates
There are a number of growers in the Burdekin that are irrigating their sugarcane with water that is high in nitrates. This nitrogen is plant available and can be used as part of the farm’s fertiliser program. There a number of issues with reducing fertiliser rates according to the amount applied via irrigation water.
Firstly, the level of nitrates may vary throughout the season so there is no set amount of nitrogen that is applied to paddock per irrigation. Secondly, the number of irrigation events may be increased or decreased, depending on the annual rainfall volume and pattern. Due to this variability, developing an area wide “nitrogen-reduction-rate” for farms in areas with ground water nitrates is a difficult and inexact process. To compensate for this, monitoring the level of nitrates in irrigation water on a specific block will be conducted for 6-12 months.
This data will be used to calculate the total amount of nitrogen applied to the paddock through irrigation over a season. After this, a “safe” reduction rate (or rates) will be developed and implemented in a trial, comparing it to the recommended 6 Easy Steps rate of fertiliser. There will also be a 20m strip of “Zero-N” where no fertiliser will be applied. This will be used to assess how available the irrigation-nitrates are to the crop. The trial will be reimplemented and harvested for a second year.